A nontheist Friend or nontheist Quaker is someone who identifies with, engages in and/or affirms Quaker practices and processes, but who does not accept a belief in a theistic understanding of God, a Supreme Being, the divine or the supernatural. Like theistic Friends, nontheist Friends are actively interested in realizing peace, love and happiness in the Society of Friends and beyond.

Friends have recently begun to examine actively the significance of nontheistic beliefs in the Society of Friends, in the tradition of seeking (regimes of) truth among Friends. The main nontheist Friends' website [1] is one significant site for this conversation, as are nontheist Quaker study groups. Os Cresson began a recent consideration of this issue from behaviorist, nauturalist, materialist and environmentalist perspectives. See Roots and Flowers of Quaker Nontheism [2] for one history. The book Godless for God's Sake: Nontheism in Contemporary Quakerism (2006) offers recent, critical contributions by Quakers. Many Friends are actively engaging the implications of evolutionary history and biology in terms of Quaker nontheism.

External linksEdit


  • Atran, Scott. 2004. In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion (Evolution and Cognition Series). Oxford. ISBN 0195178033
  • Boulton, David (ed.) 2006. Godless for God's Sake: Nontheism in Contemporary Quakerism. Dales Historical Monographs. ISBN 0951157868
  • Cadbury, Henry. 1936. My Personal Religion. Accessed online: July 17, 2007. Unpublished manuscript in the Quaker Collection at Haverford College; lecture given to Harvard divinity students in 1936.
  • Dawkins, Richard. 2002. An Atheist's Call to Arms. Accessed online video: July 17, 2007. Monterey, CA: Ted Talks.
  • Dennett, Daniel. 2006. A Secular, Scientific Rebuttal to Pastor Rick Warren. Accessed online video: July 17, 2007. Monterey, CA: Ted Talks.
  • Foucault, Michel. 2002. Archaeology of Knowledge. (2nd ed.) Routledge. ISBN 0415287537
  • Riemermann, James. 2006. What is a Nontheist? Sep 20. Accessed online: July 17, 2007.
  • Russell, Bertrand (E. Haldeman-Julius, ed.). 1927. On Why I Am Not a Christian: An Examination of the God-Idea and Christianity. [3] Accessed online: July 17, 2007. Little Blue Book No. 1372.
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